Black hole Event Horizon

The world it seems is soon to see the first

The Event Horizon Telescope (EHT) project is an worldwide collaboration aimed to capture the first image of a black hole.

Now, after two years of acquiring and processing the data, the worldwide team of scientists at the Event Horizon Telescope (EHT) programme is set to present their "ground-breaking" first results.

A black hole's event horizon is the point of no return beyond which anything - stars, planets, gas, dust and all forms of electromagnetic radiation - gets swallowed into oblivion.

According to The US National Science Foundation, black holes are extremely dense pockets of matter, objects of such incredible mass and miniscule volume that they drastically warp the fabric of space-time.

Simultaneous news conferences are scheduled in Brussels, Santiago, Shanghai, Taipei and Tokyo.

Sera Markoff of the University of Amsterdam. At the center of most galaxies lies a supermassive black hole, which can have a mass billions of times greater than that of the sun, all crammed in a relatively small volume.

Overnight, scientists will give the world its first actual glimpse at a black hole - and it's a big deal.

Mike Wall's book about the search for alien life, "Out There" (Grand Central Publishing, 2018; illustrated byKarl Tate), is out now.

The discovery made by the EHT team will be streamed live Wednesday evening (10 April) in a press conference starting 9 am EDT (6.30 pm IST).

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NASA said: "Scientists can study stars to find out if they are flying around, or orbiting, a black hole".

It's worth noting a lot movie or artist's impression of black holes are wrong, as they don't take the extreme warping and lensing of light near the event horizon into account.

The trade-off of size and distance means that - from Earth - both of these black holes would be roughly as easy, or hard, to detect.

"The gathered data are synthesised using the times as a reference, so that the arrival time of the radio waves to each antenna can be accurately adjusted". The left side of the image is brighter than the right side due to the Doppler beaming effect: Light emitted from material moving toward an observer is brighter than light from material moving away from the observer.

NASA defines a black hole as "a place in space where gravity pulls so much that even light can not get out".

The telescope is not a single instrument but a collaboration involving radio observatories around the world, including facilities in Hawaii, Chile, Europe and at the South Pole.

The black hole in the centre of the Milky Way is a supermassive black hole known as Sagittarius A*.

Fortunately, more telescopes have joined the campaign over the past couple of years, and astronomers are working on ways to improve their data processing methods. For instance, the supermassive black hole at the center of the Milky Way, Sagittarius A*, is about the size of the orbit of Mercury.

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