FDA: Adults under 45 now eligible for HPV vaccine

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The Guardasil 9 vaccine has now been approved for people between the ages of 9 and 45.

HPV caused about 90% of all cervical cancers.

The federal government has expanded the use of a vaccine that protects against the sexually transmitted disease HPV. "Residents across the board correctly identified cervical cancer, genital cancer, genital warts, and anal cancer as potential sequelae of HPV, but much more infrequently selected head and neck manifestations, although ob/gyn residents did select head and neck cancer significantly more frequently than their counterparts".

"Todays approval represents an important opportunity to help prevent HPV-related diseases and cancers in a broader age range", Dr. Peter Marks, director of the F.D.A.s Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research, said in a statement.

The approval was constructed from a study among women ages 27-45, showing that the previous version of the vaccine had great impact preventing the persistent infection of HPV, genital warts, vaginal and vulvar precancers, cervical cancer, and cervical precancers related to the types of virus covered by the vaccine. But now, the FDA is extending the upper limit of that age to 45.

The most commonly reported adverse reactions are injection site pain, swelling, redness and headaches.

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If a person has already been exposed to a particular strain of HPV, the vaccine will not work against that strain.

Martin also said the vaccine is universally recommended for children and if parents think it's time to vaccinate their child, they probably waited too long. But data also indicate that the vaccine can benefit the older group. "The best time to get it is before you turn 13 and have any intimate activity at all", Lois M. Ramondetta, MD, a professor of gynecologic oncology at MD Anderson Cancer Center in Houston, told The New York Times. "Its a prevention vaccine".

Interestingly, said Laitman, "those with the most knowledge - i.e., ENT residents - are not prescribing the HPV vaccine or not prescribing it to populations in need".

Lawrence said she is educated on things she wanted to know more about after her doctor visit. Even if those individuals have previously been infected with one strain, a vaccine could prevent against the other eight. Some were leaving marriages or monogamous relationships, expected to begin dating and realized they might be exposed to the virus. Indeed, that's why the FDA approval and vaccine recommendations focused on younger, potentially less sexually active people in the past.

An worldwide research team led by a scientist at the University of California, Riverside, has for the first time identified individual types of the human papillomavirus, or HPV, that are specifically linked to HIV infection.

According to the Armenian health ministry, only timely and fully implemented immunization can prevent diseases and complications caused by them.

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