Why women live longer than men?

Women ARE the stronger sex! They're 'more likely to survive famine, disease and violence'

In nearly every case, they found that women survived for longer than men - even when conditions were equally harsh for both, The Telegraph reported.

During seven time periods marked by high-mortality populations, scientists examined deaths by disease, starvation, and violence. "Among them were working and former slaves in Trinidad and the United States in the early 1800s, starvation victims in Sweden, Ireland and Ukraine in the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries, and Icelanders affected by the 1846 and 1882 measles epidemics", Duke University mentioned in their report.

Researchers at the University of Southern Denmark examined the life expectancy of both men and women during seven periods of starvation and epidemics in history.

And it's a trend that's reflected across the world, in nearly all countries.

Using birth and death records, that calculated whether men or women lived longer.

Lead author Dr Virginia Zarulli, said, 'The conditions experienced by the people in the analysed populations were horrific.

The researchers discovered that, even when mortality was very high for both sexes, women still lived longer than men by six months to nearly four years on average.

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In general, the researchers discovered that women lived longer than men by an average of six months to almost four years.

For all populations, far more women also lived to extreme old age than men. The male sex hormone may also harm the immune system.

Oestrogen is known to have anti-inflammatory qualities, while testosterone is a risk factor for a number of diseases, including heart disease.

Nevertheless, the fact that women appear to survive catastrophic events better than men throughout history will be news to many.

They found that more than 40 per cent of freed American slaves who were relocated to Liberia in West Africa in the 1800s died from tropical diseases during their first year.

Life expectancy for baby boys was 1.68 years, compared to 2.23 years for infant girls. These included the Swedish starvation of 1772-1773, life expectancy of slaves in Trinidad in 1813, survival rates of freed slaves from the United States settling in Liberia between 1820 and 1843, the 1845 Irish potato starvation, the deadly measles epidemics in Iceland in 1842 and 1882, and the 1933 Ukraine starvation.

The data spanned seven populations in which the life expectancy for one or both sexes was a dismal 20 years or less and found that newborn girls are hardier than newborn boys due biological factors.

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